GST – Some Issues and Possible Solutions

Goods and service tax




GST is a comprehensive VAT on the supply of goods or services or both. All goods and services will be subject to GST unless specifically exempted i.e. operating on negative concept.

Defined as “any tax on supply of goods or services or both except taxes on supply of the alcoholic liquor for human consumption”.

Central & State taxes subsumed

Central Tax – Central Excise Duty, Service Tax, Additional Custom Duty, Central Surcharge,

State Tax – Sales Tax, Entertainment Tax, Octroi Tax, Entry Tax, Purchase Tax, Luxury Tax, Lottery Tax, Betting and Gambling Tax, State Surcharges, State Cesses


  1. Integrated GST levied on inter State transactions by Central Government. (IGST)
  2. Central CST levied by Central Government. (CGST)
  3. State GST levied by State Government. (SGST)

Mode of implementation

Central Government will make laws for levy of CGST and IGST. State Government will also make law for levy of SGST.

Likely Tax Rates

It is stated by FM that the rates will be Revenue Neutral. Expected to be anything between 16% to 20%.

Not necessary that all states must implement

If a State does not implement then it may continue to charge VAT.

Additional Taxes

Additional Tax not exceeding 1% will be levied by States on inter-State supply of goods for two years or such other period as recommended by GST council.

Procedural Compliance

Likely to increase as it provides that every branch of the manufacturer/ service provider located in different states will have to obtain registration separately.

Common threshold exemption limit for manufacturer/ Service provider

As per the information, there will be common threshold limit for manufacturer/ service provider. This will trouble manufacturer as the limit will be heavily reduced.

Carry forward of CENVAT credit

It has been experienced that in transition phase, the credit is allowed to be carried forward.

Restriction in utilisation of credit

Since, CGST and SGST are to be treated separately, taxes paid against the CGST shall be allowed to be taken as ITC for CGST only and the same is applicable for SGST.

Cross utilization of credits between goods and services allowed?

Yes it would be allowed in both cases of CGST and SGST.

Cascading effect of taxes

It will be nullified in two ways:

  1. CST levied by the seller is not available as a credit to the purchaser in present. It becomes a cost of purchase. In future, credit of IGST will be available to the purchaser.
  2. Presently, there is multiplicity of taxes which are levied on the same transaction. E.g. when a person stays in hotel, he pays luxury tax and service tax both and credit of luxury tax is not available. This situation will not arise in GST.

Elimination of Double Taxation

Certain industries like Copyright, out of precaution collected both the taxes (S.T. and VAT). In GST there will not be such ambiguity.

This is just for your reference. It does not constitute our professional advice or recommendation.

CA Akash Phophalia


[email protected]

Office No 3, Second Floor

Amrit Kalash, Residency Road

Near Bombay Motor Circle

Jodhpur – 342001


8 Replies to “GST – Some Issues and Possible Solutions”

  1. mayank says:

    if exporter in usa and importer in china but china agent in mumbai(india) than gst is applicable or not give reason

  2. Prashant Yeolekar says:

    1) Goods will be sold to a company who”s gstn no start with 97, company said charged igst, but material will be delivered at Mumbai. then which tax should charged, igst or sgst/cgst.
    2) Goods will be delivered at Andhra Pradesh, companies gstn no start with 97 and company told us charge igst and bill to Mumbai. Then which tax should charged igst or sgst/cgst.

  3. srinivas says:

    one person give service to me rs.14000000 but his is unregistered so payment made 14000000 less TDS, what problem issue in gst

  4. GOPI says:

    sir ,

    actually some invoice not uploaded in GSTR1 For the month of july & Aug 2017.

    what we can do ?

    please help.

  5. Ahmad says:

    if a unregistered person provide services to a registered entity then reserve charged apply,
    in that case GST Rs. 252000 it will be deposit by service receiver.

  6. PANKAJ KUMAR says:


  7. sanjay jain says:

    my revocation is not open

  8. Umesh Chandra Agrawal says:

    Sir, I wants to know , on cash discount receive from suppliers GST applicable or not. If yes what is the rate ? And who is liable to pay ?
    Supplier issue credit note on supply of acrylic yarn on which GST applicable @12% calculate as – (c/d amount less GST and on rest amount add GST @12%). Is it correct ?
    Assumed c/d comes 1000 calculated as ( 892/85 + 107/15 =1000). Is it correct ?
    Please clarify,
    Umesh Agrawal

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